C & C++

Oracle Syllabus :

Writing Basic SQL SELECT Statements Basic SELECT Statement Selecting All Columns Selecting Specific Columns Writing SQL Statements Column Heading Defaults Arithmetic Expressions Using Arithmetic Operators Operator Precedence Using Parentheses Defining a Null Value Null Values in Arithmetic Expressions Defining a Column Alias Using Column Aliases Concatenation Operator Using the Concatenation Operator Literal Character Strings Using Literal Character Strings Duplicate Rows Eliminating Duplicate Rows Restricting and Sorting Data Limiting Rows Using a Selection Limiting the Rows Selected Using the WHERE Clause Character Strings and Dates Comparison Conditions Using Comparison Conditions Other Comparison Conditions Using the BETWEEN Condition Using the IN Condition Using the LIKE Condition Using the NULL Conditions Logical Conditions Using the AND Operator Using the OR Operator Using the NOT Operator Rules of Precedence ORDER BY Clause Sorting in Descending Order Sorting by Column Alias Sorting by Multiple Columns Single-Row Functions SQL Function Two Types of SQL Functions Single-Row Functions Single-Row Functions Character Functions Character Functions Case Manipulation Functions Using Case Manipulation Functions Character-Manipulation Functions Using the Character-Manipulation Functions Number Functions Using the ROUND Function Using the TRUNC Function Using the MOD Function Working with Dates Arithmetic with Dates Using Arithmetic Operators with Dates Date Functions Using Date Functions Practice 3, Part One: Conversion Functions Implicit Data Type Conversion Explicit Data Type Conversion Using the TO_CHAR Function with Dates Elements of the Date Format Model Using the TO_CHAR Function with Dates Using the TO_CHAR Function with Numbers Using the TO_NUMBER and TO_DATE Functions RR Date Format Example of RR Date Format Nesting Functions General Functions NVL Function Using the NVL Function Using the NVL2 Function Using the NULLIF Function Using the COALESCE Function Conditional Expressions The CASE Expression Using the CASE Expression The DECODE Function Using the DECODE Function Displaying Data from Multiple Tables Obtaining Data from Multiple Tables Cartesian Products Generating a Cartesian Product Types of Joins Joining Tables Using Oracle Syntax What is an Equijoin? Retrieving Records with Equijoins Additional Search Conditions Using the AND Operator Qualifying Ambiguous Column Names Using Table Aliases Joining More than Two Tables Non-Equijoins Retrieving Records with Non-Equijoins Outer Joins Outer Joins Syntax Using Outer Joins Self Joins Joining a Table to Itself Joining Tables Using SQL: 1999 Syntax Creating Cross Joins Creating Natural Joins Retrieving Records with Natural Joins Creating Joins with the USING Clause Retrieving Records with the USING Clause Creating Joins with the ON Clause Retrieving Records with the ON Clause Creating Three-Way Joins with the ON Clause INNER Versus OUTER Joins LEFT OUTER JOIN RIGHT OUTER JOIN FULL OUTER JOIN Additional Conditions Aggregating Data Using Group Functions What Are Group Functions? Types of Group Functions Group Functions Syntax Using the AVG and SUM Functions Using the MIN and MAX Functions Using the COUNT Function Using the DISTINCT Keyword Group Functions and Null Values Using the NVL Function with Group Functions Creating Groups of Data Creating Groups of Data: The GROUP BY Clause Syntax Using the GROUP BY Clause Grouping by More Than One Column Using the GROUP BY Clause on Multiple Columns Illegal Queries Using Group Functions Excluding Group Results Excluding Group Results: The HAVING Clause Using the HAVING Clause Nesting Group Functions Subqueries Objectives Using a Subquery to Solve a Problem Subquery Syntax Using a Subquery Guidelines for Using Subqueries Types of Subqueries Single-Row Subqueries Executing Single-Row Subqueries Using Group Functions in a Subquery The HAVING Clause with Subqueries What is Wrong with this Statement? Will this Statement Return Rows? Multiple-Row Subqueries Using the ANY Operator in Multiple-Row Subqueries Using the ALL Operator in Multiple-Row Subqueries Null Values in a Subquery Manipulating Data Data Manipulation Language Adding a New Row to a Table The INSERT Statement Syntax 8-5 Inserting New Rows Inserting Rows with Null Values Inserting Special Values Inserting Specific Date Values Creating a Script Copying Rows from Another Table Changing Data in a Table The UPDATE Statement Syntax Updating Rows in a Table Updating Two Columns with a Subquery Updating Rows Based on Another Table Updating Rows: Integrity Constraint Error Removing a Row from a Table The DELETE Statement Deleting Rows from a Table Deleting Rows Based on Another Table Deleting Rows: Integrity Constraint Error Using a Subquery in an INSERT Statement Using the WITH CHECK OPTION Keyword on DML Statements Overview of the Explicit Default Feature Using Explicit Default Values The MERGE Statement The MERGE Statement Syntax Merging Rows Database Transactions Advantages of COMMIT and ROLLBACK Statements Controlling Transactions Rolling Back Changes to a Marker Implicit Transaction Processing State of the Data Before COMMIT or ROLLBACK State of the Data after COMMIT Committing Data State of the Data After ROLLBACK Statement-Level Rollback Read Consistency Implementation of Read Consistency Locking Implicit Locking Read Consistency Example Creating and Managing Tables Database Objects Naming Rules The CREATE TABLE Statement Referencing Another User?s Tables The DEFAULT Option Creating Tables Tables in the Oracle Database Querying the Data Dictionary 9-10 Data Types DateTime Data Types TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE Data Type TIMESTAMP WITH LOCAL TIME Data Type INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH Data Type INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND Data Type Creating a Table by Using a Subquery Syntax Creating a Table by Using a Subquery The ALTER TABLE Statement Adding a Column Modifying a Column Dropping a Column The SET UNUSED Option Dropping a Table Changing the Name of an Object Truncating a Table Adding Comments to a Table Including Constraints What are Constraints? Constraint Guidelines Defining Constraints The NOT NULL Constraint The UNIQUE Constraint The PRIMARY KEY Constraint The FOREIGN KEY Constraint FOREIGN KEY Constraint Keywords The CHECK Constraint Adding a Constraint Syntax Adding a Constraint Dropping a Constraint Disabling Constraints Enabling Constraints Cascading Constraints Viewing Constraints Viewing the Columns Associated with Constraints Creating Views Database Objects What is a View? Why use Views? Simple Views and Complex Views Creating a View Retrieving Data from a View Querying a View Modifying a View Creating a Complex View Rules for Performing DML Operations on a View Using the WITH CHECK OPTION Clause Denying DML Operations Removing a View Inline Views Top-N Analysis Performing Top-N Analysis Example of Top-N Analysis Other Database Objects Database Objects What is a Sequence? The CREATE SEQUENCE Statement Syntax Creating a Sequence Confirming Sequences NEXTVAL and CURRVAL Pseudocolumns Using a Sequence Modifying a Sequence Guidelines for Modifying a Sequence Removing a Sequence What is an Index? How Are Indexes Created? Creating an Index When to Create an Index When Not to Create an Index Confirming Indexes Function-Based Indexes Removing an Index Creating and Removing Synonyms Using SET Operators The SET Operators Tables Used in This Lesson The UNION Operator Using the UNION Operator The UNION ALL Operator Using the UNION ALL Operator The INTERSECT Operator Using the INTERSECT Operator The MINUS Operator SET Operator Guidelines The Oracle Server and SET Operators Matching the SELECT Statements Controlling the Order of Rows Enhancements to the GROUP BY Clause Review of Group Functions Review of the GROUP BY Clause Review of the HAVING Clause GROUP BY with ROLLUP and CUBE Operators ROLLUP Operator ROLLUP Operator Example CUBE Operator CUBE Operator: Example GROUPING Function GROUPING Function: Example GROUPING SETS GROUPING SETS: Example Composite Columns Composite Columns: Example Concatenated Groupings Concatenated Groupings Example Advanced Subqueries What Is a Subquery? Subqueries Using a Subquery Multiple-Column Subqueries Column Comparisons Pairwise Comparison Subquery Nonpairwise Comparison Subquery Using a Subquery in the FROM Clause Scalar Subquery Expressions Scalar Subqueries: Examples Correlated Subqueries Using Correlated Subqueries Using the EXISTS Operator Using the NOT EXISTS Operator Correlated UPDATE Correlated DELETE The WITH Clause WITH Clause: Example
Plsql syllabus
Part I: Programming in PL/SQL Introduction to PL/SQL What Is PL/SQL? The Origins of PL/SQL About PL/SQL Versions Resources for PL/SQL Developers Creating and Running PL/SQL Code SQL*Plus Performing Essential PL/SQL Tasks Calling PL/SQL from Other Languages Language Fundamentals PL/SQL Block Structure The PL/SQL Character Set Identifiers Literals The Semicolon Delimiter Comments The PRAGMA Keyword Labels Part II: PL/SQL Program Structure Conditional and Sequential Control IF Statements CASE Statements and Expressions The GOTO Statement The NULL Statement Iterative Processing with Loops Loop Basics The Simple Loop The WHILE Loop The Numeric FOR Loop The Cursor FOR Loop Loop Labels Tips for Iterative Processing Exception Handlers Exception-Handling Concepts and Terminology Defining Exceptions Raising Exceptions Handling Exceptions Building an Effective Error Management Architecture Making the Most of PL/SQL Error Management Part III: PL/SQL Program Data Working with Program Data Naming Your Program Data Overview of PL/SQL Datatypes Declaring Program Data Programmer-Defined Subtypes Conversion Between Datatypes Strings String Datatypes Working with Strings String Function Quick Reference Numbers Numeric Datatypes Number Conversions Numeric Functions Records Records in PL/SQL Collections Collections Overview Collection Methods (Built-Ins) Working with Collections Nested Table Multiset Operations Maintaining Schema-Level Collections Miscellaneous Datatypes The BOOLEAN Datatype The RAW Datatype The UROWID and ROWID Datatypes The LOB Datatypes Working with LOBs Predefined Object Types Part IV: SQL in PL/SQL DML and Transaction Management DML in PL/SQL Bulk DML with the FORALL Statement Transaction Management Autonomous Transactions Data Retrieval Cursor Basics Working with Implicit Cursors Working with Explicit Cursors BULK COLLECT SELECT ... FOR UPDATE Cursor Variables and REF CURSORs Cursor Expressions Procedures, Functions, and Parameters Procedures Functions Parameters Local Modules Module Overloading Forward Declarations Advanced Topics Go Forth and Modularize! Packages Why Packages? Rules for Building Packages Rules for Calling Packaged Elements Working with Package Data When to Use Packages Packages and Object Types Triggers DML Triggers DDL Triggers Database Event Triggers INSTEAD OF Triggers AFTER SUSPEND Triggers Maintaining Triggers Managing PL/SQL Code Managing Code in the Database Using Native Compilation Using the Optimizing Compiler and Compile-Time Warnings Conditional Compilation Testing PL/SQL Programs Debugging PL/SQL Programs Tuning PL/SQL Programs Protecting Stored Code I/O and PL/SQL Displaying Information Reading and Writing Files Sending Email Working with Web-Based Data (HTTP) Other Types of I/O Available in PL/SQL